VENI University

0543

DIPLOMATE

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Type: Dissertation

Title: DIFFICULTIES IN THE LEARNING PROCESS: A LOOK AT PSYCHOMOTOR ASPECTS

Title: DIFICULDADES NO PROCESSO DE APRENDIZAGEM: UM OLHAR SOBRE OS ASPECTOS PSICOMOTORES

Author(s): Ferraz de Brito Leite, Grasielha

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Advisor: Filgueiras de Araújo, Hugo, PhD

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Date of document: September, 17-2021

Abstract:

Psychomotor education needs to be looked at as a support for the construction of knowledge, from the earliest years of the student's schooling; in order to avoid or mitigate future delays in children's school learning. Psychomotricity is the practice of reasoning through movement. Learning difficulties indicate problems faced in school performance and that can have its genesis in several causes and the psychomotor development can also be integrated to these reasons, since, it influences in some way in the integral evolution of the individual. Based on the foregoing, the purpose of this research was to measure the relationship between learning difficulties and delay in psychomotor development and to consolidate and culminate the purpose of this study, the discussion of the problems of learning difficulties, the analysis of the influence of psychomotor aspects in learning and evaluation of the psychomotor development in children with learning difficulties was fundamental. In this sense, this work was developed in two crucial moments, initially with a bibliographical review, organized in three chapters: Learning and learning difficulties, Psychomotricity and psychomotor aspects and Learning disabilities and psychomotor deficits, revealing the relation between them according to with different authors. Following the research was carried out a case study with field research with five students enrolled in the third year of a public school, aged between 8 and 9 years; the instruments used were tests to identify learning difficulties and the Psychomotor Battery to evaluate the psychomotor profile of the student, as well as to identify possible motor dysfunctions. The tests were carried out by a psychopedagogue, the researcher and a physiotherapist. With the results obtained it was concluded that the five students in analysis presents learning difficulties, in a level of severe delay, since they can not read or write. Regarding psychomotor development, in spite of presenting in the psychomotor profile results between good and normal, considering the analysis separately of the psychomotor aspects, it is observed that all students showed motor dysfunctions in the factors and with greater emphasis of difficulties presented in this study the body notion, spatiotemporal structuring, global praxis and fine praxis, which underlies the relationship between psychomotricity and learning.

Keywords: Psychomotor education, Learning difficulties, Psychomotricity, Psychomotor aspects.

 

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